Mount Nyiragongo Facts
The mount nyiragongo facts are highlights that mount nyiragongo possesses unlike other stratovolcanoes that exist in the whole world. Listed below are 11 facts about mount nyiragongo.
- Nyiragongo is the world’s largest lava lake with a diameter of 1.2 kilometers and a depth of 200m down.
- Mount Nyiragongo is one of the world’s most active volcanoes with the last eruption being in 2002 but recent volcanic activity up to 2016/ 2017.
- Mount Nyiragongo has erupted about 34 times since the first recorded time in 1884. The eruption years were 1884, 1894, 1898, 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902, 1905, 1906, 1908, 1911, 1918, 1920-1921, 1927-1977, 1977, 1982, 1994-1996, 2002.
- In the whole world, there are only 4 permanent lava lakes and nyiragongo is one of them, still the largest and most active.
- Mount Nyiragongo is a tough one to hike but the view at the top is a rewarding one with the new crater lake that was formed in 1994.
- Mount Nyiragongo stands at a height of 3,470m and is one of the Virunga mountains in the Albertine Region.
- Nyiragongo is still active even as of today however, the surrounding areas are contaminated by localized carbon dioxide gasses that sip through some open vents and are a threat to humans and can even kill children.
- A new crater lake was formed in 2002 near the 1994 crater that was formed after that eruption.
- The lava from Nyiragongo is different from all the other lava from other volcanic mountains in the world. It is the most fluid lava that researchers have seen and is feared to be fed by a plume. This lava moves from 20 to 60 miles per hour.
- Nyiragongo’s last eruption in 2002 flowed up to Goma town, destroying up to 4,500 buildings and that meant 120,000 people were left homeless.
- Mount Nyiragongo’s persistent lava lake is found on only a few volcanic mountains. It is not the usual lava lake.